Haiti, UN Agrees to Send International Forces

The UN Security Council approved the dispatch of international forces to Haiti. The goal is to support the local police in their daily operations in a country that is increasingly descending into chaos due to continuous attacks by various armed gangs.

Port-au-Prince has long called for the creation of a UN mission, but this is not a “UN mission” in the strict sense of the word, but the authorization of a “multinational security support force established for an initial period of twelve months.” The resolution was adopted with 13 votes in favor, with Russia and China abstaining.

“The duration of the international mission in Haiti is one year, with the possibility of extension for another year, as established in the draft resolution,” the UN note says, emphasizing that “this is not a UN mission.” As an international mission, the countries will participate directly in negotiations with the Haitian authorities. Although this is not a UN mission, “it has the blessing of the UN and the Council, which is a necessary step for the mission’s success.”

Haiti, one of the world’s poorest countries, has been in chaos for two years since the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. Criminal gangs are dominating, and the population finds itself in a humanitarian emergency, while the gangs themselves, amid escalating violence, are threatening a coup d’état. Floods and an earthquake in June 2023 further aggravated the situation for the population.

The international contingent will be stationed on the island specifically to combat criminal gangs and assist the police in protecting the vital centers of the country: schools, ports, hospitals, airports, as well as “preventing human casualties,” and take measures of a temporary and exclusively proportionate emergency nature.