President Xi Jinping: Beijing Plays Constructive Role in Ukraine and Middle East

China announces initiatives to support cooperation with the Global South

Xi Jinping

China has always played and continues to play a constructive role in Ukraine and the Middle East. Chinese President Xi Jinping said this at the opening of an international conference marking the 70th anniversary of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence that underly China’s foreign policy.

The Chinese leader recalled that the Five Principles, first mentioned in the agreement signed between China and India in 1954, are also included in the preamble of the Chinese Constitution and speak of “respect for mutual sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.” For Xi Jinping, the Five Principles were the basic guidelines for developing relations between countries with different social systems, allowing “relations of trust and cooperation” to be established across “time and space boundaries.”

President Xi emphasized that “all countries, regardless of power and size, are equal members of the international community with equal rights and responsibilities.” At the same time, in the current international panorama, “interference and creation of inner circles must be resisted,” the Chinese president also said. Noting that the world in the 21st century faced “a choice between war and peace, progress and recession, unity and division,” Xi Jinping emphasized the urgent need to uphold the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, calling on each country to “play its role in a multipolar world.”

To accelerate the establishment of a new multipolar order, President Xi announced that China would create a research center for the Global South. In addition, over the next five years, the Chinese government will provide 1,000 scholarships under the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence scholarship program, as well as 100,000 learning opportunities for the Global South. Xi Jinping also said China will “continue to effectively utilize the China-UN Peace and Development Fund, the Fund for Comprehensive Development and South-South Cooperation, as well as the Global South Cooperation Fund to combat climate change.”

China is willing to discuss free trade agreements with countries in the Global South, support the World Trade Organization’s trade facilitation initiative. The Chinese leader finally called on countries of the Global South to “join the initiative on the so-called Framework for International Cooperation on Trade, Digital and Green Economic Development.” China’s imports from developing countries will exceed 8 trillion dollars by 2030, according to the Chinese president.