Sudan Civil War. UN Adopts Resolution on Ceasefire During Ramadan

Ramadan, the holy month of Muslims, begins on the evening of March 10. The UN Security Council reached out to the people of Sudan by passing a last-minute resolution calling for “a ceasefire in Sudan during the month of Ramadan.” The vote followed an initiative by UN Secretary General António Guterres, which was gratefully welcomed by Sudanese authorities in Khartoum, who also asked for the creation of the so-called Rapid Support Force (RSF) of General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemetti: “Withdraw from Gezira and Sennar states,” as well as “from all cities attacked since the signing of the Declaration of Humanitarian Principles of May 11, 2023, including Nyala, El Geneina, Zalingei, and El Daein.”

The second condition for a lasting and durable peace, put forward by the Sudanese government led by General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, includes the assurance by the RSF to respect the commitments made during the US-Saudi mediated talks in Jeddah to “liberate and abandon all state and civilian structures, as well as occupied private property.” Finally, Khartoum calls on Dagalo forces to put an end to “atrocities and violations of international humanitarian law,” particularly in the states of Darfur, Gezira, Sennar, White Nile, and West Kordofan.